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The act brought to an end a century of "disaster, poverty, and failure." Pope Sixtus IV issued a papal bull extending the power of the Inquisition to Spain.The Inquisition, established in some countries in the thirteenth century, was responsible for the torture and execution of many people with mental illness.
In Aragon, inquisitor Thomas de Torquemada was said to be especially ruthless in the pursuit of deviance. Heinrich Kramer and Johann Sprenger's Malleus Maleficarum (The Witch Hammer), the Inquisition's guide to the diagnosis, behavior, trial, and punishment of witches, was endorsed by the Faculty of Theology at the University of Cologne.The Malleus went through 19 editions in the next 2 centuries and provided a basis for gruesome tortures of people with deviant behavior. King Henry VIII presented a deed of covenant granting Bethlehem Hospital to the city of London.The transfer was completed on January 13, 1547, when Henry VIII signed the letter patent which officially ratified the deed.The hospital was founded as a priory in 1247, taken under the care of the city of London in 1346, and seized by Edward III in 1375. Bartholomew's Hospital in London, wrote the forward to his book, the Treatise on Melancholy.
Bright's book was the first book in the English language on the subject of mental illness.
Some of the phrases Bright used in his descriptions of disordered behavior appeared later in the plays of William Shakespeare.
Mary of Bethlehem, later to become Bethlehem Hospital, was founded on land donated by Simon Fitz Mary at Bishopsgate Without, London.
This original site is now located under the the Liverpool Street railway station.
Bethlehem Hospital, or "Bedlam," later became notorious for its neglectful care of people with mental illness.
The priory was first used to house "distracted persons" in around the year 1377. Mary of Bethlehem, later to become Bethlehem Hospital ("Bedlam"), was taken under the patronage and protection of Richard Lacer, mayor of London, and the citizens of London.